International Administrative Agreements

The Joint Committee must ensure that the agreement is properly implemented and has considered all issues arising from its application. B all issues related to the application of customs rules in trade (classification of goods, problems of origin, etc.) or the future evolution of customs legislation (computerization, code change). It also serves as a forum for discussion and preparation of meetings with international organizations such as the WCO. As international mobility has increased in recent decades, more and more countries have developed such agreements. Nevertheless, more work is needed to implement effective mechanisms to protect the social rights of migrant workers. The European Union has also concluded partnership and cooperation agreements with a number of countries, including Russia and Ukraine, which cover customs cooperation and contain a mutual assistance protocol. They also believe that it is possible to exchange information on technical assistance provided to third countries in order to improve these measures. The agreements also stipulate that both sides strive to simplify and harmonize customs procedures, taking into account the work of international organizations such as the World Customs Organization (WHO) and the World Trade Organization (WTO). They provide that both sides cooperate in the computerization of customs procedures and formalities in order to facilitate exchanges between them. In accordance with this policy, customs cooperation and mutual assistance agreements allow the parties to put in place the necessary instruments for customs cooperation. In the interest of global trade and international assistance in the fight against customs fraud, the European Union has signed agreements on customs cooperation and mutual assistance (Korea, Canada, Hong Kong, the United States, India, China and Japan). Existing customs cooperation agreements also provide for the possibility that international cooperation between customs authorities may be an important instrument for balancing the necessary liberalization of trade with growing international trade with the world`s major trading partners. This cooperation should help customs authorities to use new instruments or to increase the effectiveness of existing instruments to control trade flows and combat fraud and illegal activities.

The agreements also contain a chapter on mutual assistance in customs matters, which defines the circumstances under which customs authorities can exchange information on customs violations and cases of fraud.